THC constituent of cannabis, CBD is non-psychoactive and has attracted significant media attention due to its potential health or medicinal benefits. Reported beneficial effects include pain relief, reduction of anxiety/depression, sleep management, skin condition treatment, neuroprotective properties etc. Evidence of clinical efficacy is still limited at this stage of medical research.
Extracted from the Hemp species of Cannabis Sativa (high CBD/low THC natural content), CBD is commercially available in a variety of forms including oil oral drops, oral sprays, skin creams, muscle balms, and e-liquids. Many of these products are formulated using “full spectrum” CBD oil, which contains not only CBD but many other cannabinoids and naturally occurring terpenes and flavonoids. More sophisticated and costly extraction methods have been developed to extract pure CBD isolate from the hemp plant, which is an essential requirement for creating a high-quality CBD liquid suitable for use in an e-cigarette / vape kit. WHY DO PEOPLE WANT CBD-CONTAINING PRODUCTS?
Consumer demand for CBD-containing products has soared in recent years, with many CBD users enthusiastically sharing their positive experiences. Research in the field of CBD has also increased in recent years, with limited evidence (at this stage) that CBD may be useful in the treatment of a number of health-related conditions. CBD induced markedly different physiological effects compared to the best-known cannabis component, THC, and this difference in mechanism of action accounts for the non-psychoactive properties of CBD when compared against THC (the constituent of cannabis which gets the user “high”). The relatively recent identification of cannabinoid receptors in the human body has triggered significant growth in the number of studies exploring the endocannabinoid system and its regulatory functions in health & disease.
CBD vape liquid
There is already a wide variety of CBD “e-liquids” available on the market. They essentially fall into three categories depending on the way CBD is introduced as an ingredient, these being: whole plant CBD, full spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate.
Whole Plant CBD e-liquid
Whole plant CBD e-liquid uses hemp oil/paste as an ingredient. This contains not only CBD but many other cannabinoids present in the hemp plant, including low levels of THC. (Note: legal sale in the UK requires hemp oil/paste content of THC to be less than 0.05 % w/w). The hemp oil/paste ingredient mainly consists of plant-based terpenes, flavonoids, waxes, lipids, and oils. It has a very distinct, and to most, unpalatable taste.
Full Spectrum e-liquid
Full spectrum e-liquid still contains CBD and a broad range of cannabinoids (including low levels of THC, plant-based terpenes, and flavonoids). However, the wax, lipid and oil constituents of the hemp oil are removed via an extraction process. Full Spectrum CBD e-liquid also has a distinct taste due to the presence of many plant-based substances.
CBD isolate e-liquid
CBD isolate e-liquid contains only high purity CBD as an ingredient. CBD isolate is a white crystalline powder. Other cannabinoids, terpenes, waxes, lipids, oils and flavonoids are removed in a multi-step purification process. It should also be noted that CBD isolate quality can vary between suppliers, with the highest purity CBD isolate attracting a premium supply cost.